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miao520 2007-05-15 08:17

钻井英语500句

  BASIC ENGLISH
1000 FOR DRILLING A WELL















一、    主-系-表句型(一)
主-系-表句型是英语中最常用的句型之一,其结构是:主语+系词+表语。主要用来表示某人或某物是什么,处在什么状态或是什么样子。句中的系词be要根据主语的人称而变化。第一人称单数用am(was),第三人称单数用is(was〕,其它人称都用are或were。如果把系词be放在主语前边,就变成了疑问句
1.    我是司钻,你是钻工。I’m a driller. You are a roughneck.
   2.我们是钻工,你们是机工。We're fIoormen. You are motormen.
3.你不是技师。You are not a tool pusher.
4.你们不是司机。You are not motormen.
   5.他不在钻台上。He is not on the drill f1oor.
6.他们在泥浆罐上。They are on the mud tank.
7.你是技术员吗? 是的,我是。Are you a technician? Yes, I am.
8.你们是工程师吗? 不, 我们不是。Are you engineers? N0, we are not.
9.这是什么? What is this?
10.这是一个喷射式钻头。This is a jet bit.
11.这些是什么? What are these?
12.这些是接头和配合接头(大小头)。These are subs and X-overs(crossovers)
13.那些是什么? What are those?
14.那些是提升短节。Those are lift subs.
15.这是卡瓦,对吗?It is a slip, isn't it?
   16.那些是安全卡瓦和吊卡,对吧? Those are safety slips and elevators, aren’t they?
   17.他们是干什么的? What are they?
18.他们是我们的领导和参观人员。They are our leaders and visitors.
19.这个技师的名字叫刘林。The name of the tool pusher is Liulin.
20.这些不是这个电机的开关。These are not the switches
二 、主-系一表句型
21.我不是这个队的司钻。I’m not a driller of this crew.
22.他是泥浆工程师吗? Is he a mud engineer?
23.他是定向工程师,对不对? He is a directional engineer, isn't he?
24.他是干什么的? What is he?
25.他是钻井工程师。He is a drilling engineer.
26.他是副司钻,不是司钻。He is an assistant driller. He is not a driller.
27.钻头在钻台上吗? Is the bit on the drill floor?
28.吊车在井场吗? Is the crane on the location?
29.我们都是这个队的钻工。We are all roughnecks of this crew.
30.这不是一口生产井。This is not a production well.
   31.安全第一、工作第二。The first is safety, the second is work.
32.钻杆长、接头短。The pipe is long,he sub is short.
33.中原油田是个大油田。Zhongyuan oilfield is a large oilfield.
34.面积大,油层厚。The area is large. The oil formations are thick.
   35.井深而地层复杂。The wells are deep. The formations are complicated.
   36.原油储量大,产量高。The crude oi1 reserve is great. The output is high.
   37.油的粘度是400到1500厘泊。The viscosity of the oil is from 400 to 1500cp(centipoise).
   38.碳和氢是化学元素。Carbon and hydrogen are chemical elements.
   39.在常温下碳是固体,而氢是很轻的气体。Carbon is a solid at ordinary temperature. Hydrogen is a very 1ight gas.
  40.石油一般是液体,有时是液气混合物。 Petroleum is usually in the form of a 1iquid, sometimes it is s mixture of liquid and the natural gas.

三、主- 谓-(宾)句型
主一谓一(宾)句型也是英语中最常用的句型之一。它和主一系一表句型有些相似,不同之处主要是谓语动词主一系一表句型中的谓语动词是系词be,而主一谓一(宾)句型中的谓语动词是行为动词(或叫实义动词)。另外,主一谓一(宾)句型有时还与时间、条件、地点、原因、目的等状语连用。
如果要改为疑问句,可在主语前边加do或者does。视人称而定。
41.石油工人在钻井。
The oil workers are drilling wells.
42.他在一个井队工作。
He works in  a drilling crew.
43.我们每天12点开始工作。
We start work at 12:00 every day.
44.他们每天乘公共汽车去上班。
They go to work by bus every day.
45.我们都在这个地区打井。
We all drill wells in this area.
46.我们每天早上到井场去。
We go to the well site every day.
47.他每天下午做这个工作。
He does this work every day afternoon.
48.我在这个队当司钻。I work as a driller in this crew.
49.丹•约翰逊先生教我们定向技术。Mr. Dan Johnson teaches us directional technique.
50.他每天第一个到井场。He gets to the wellsite first crew every day.
51.我们在离开井场之前,把一切都收拾好。We get everything in order before we leave the location.
52.他们每天都用这些井口工具。They use these tools everyday.
53.我们做了两个接头。We made two subs.
54.昨天他从机厂取回了试压泵。Yesterday he took back from machine shop.
55.今天早上这个钻工冲洗了钻台。This roughneck washed and cleaned drill floor this morning.
56.我们下午修了这台泵。We repaired the mud pump this afternoon.
57.昨天这个架工保养了天车和游动滑车。The derrickman lubricated crown and travelling block yesterday.
58.我们经常保养钻机(绞车)。We lubricate rig (drawworks) very often.
59.司钻每班检查水刹车。The drillers check hydraulic brake block often every tour.
60.他教我扶刹把。He teaches me to operate brae bar.
四、There be句型
这种句型在英语中也很常用,主要表示某处有某人或某物,句型中的be要根据主语进行变化。主语为单数时用is(was),为复数时就用are(were),如果把be放在there的前边,就变成了疑问句。
61.钻台上有什么?
What is there on the drillfloor.
62.钻台上有三只钻头。
There are three bits on the drillfloor.
63.井场上有一台拖拉机。
There is a tractor on the location.
64 .这里没有开关。There are no switches here.(There are not any switches here.)
65.工具房里有公锥吗? Is there any taper tap in the house?
66.这个队有多少人? How many people are there in this crew?
67.一共有85个人。There are eighty-five people altogether.
68.这个班有几个钻工和机工? How many roughnecks and motormen are there in this shift?
69.有8个钻工和4个机工。There are eight roughnecks and four motormen.
70.钻台上有几只大钳? How many tongs are there on the drillfloor?
71.有三只,一只内钳,一只外钳和一个液压大钳。There are three. One is a lead tong, another is a back-up tong. The third one is a hydraulic tong.
72.井架上有多少个灯? How many lights are there on the derrick?
73.一共有三十个。There are thirty lights altogether.
74.井场上有卡车吗? Is there any truck on the wellsite?
75.有,井场上有两辆卡车。Yes, there are two trucks on the drillsite.
76.立管上有压力表吗?有。Is there any pressure gauge on the standpipe? Yes, there is.
77.值班房里有工具箱吗? Is there any too1 box in the dogho1e?
78.工具箱里有手工具吗? Are there any hand-tools in the box?
79.井场上有钻杆架吗? Are there any pipe racks on the location?
80.有,一共有14节。Yes, there are fourteen pieces altogether.
五、祈使句(一)
   表示命令、请求、建议和希望的句子就叫祈使句。一般都把主语you省略,谓语动词用原形。如果表示否定式时,就在谓语动词前边加上don't。有时为了表示委婉语气,就在句首或末尾加上please,若放在句末,应在Please前边加上逗号。
81.请小心!Be careful!
82.请把这只12 1/4″的钻头放到钻台上!Please put this12 1/4″bit on the floor!
83.请弄一个接头来!Please get a sub!
84.清把这些钻杆数一下! Please count these drill pipes!
85.请量一下那辆卡车,看一下它有多宽! Will you please measure that truck to see how wide it is?
86.请把这些坏大钳、卡瓦和吊卡装到车上!Please load the truck with bad tongs, slips and elevators!
87.请把小鼠洞周围固一下!有Please cement around mouse hole!
88.现在安装完了,请开钻!节Now finish rigging up, please spud in!
89.小鼠洞不正,不能用,请用大鼠洞接单根!Mouse hole wouldn't line up. Rat hole
connect, please!
   90.请让固井车10点钟到井!Cement trucks will be here at10:00, please!
   91.现在请循环泥浆!Now circulate, please!
92.(1)现在起钻吧!Now pull out of hole, please!
  (2)现在请下钻!Now run in ho1e, please!
   93.(1)请接一个单根!Make up a joint, please!
      (2)请卸一个单根!Break down a joint, please!
94.请把钻台冲洗一下,准备下20"套管! Please wash and clean the drill floor to run in hole with 20″casings!
95.请把提环换下来,把水泥头接上! Please change links and make up cement head!
96.请把水泥车管线试到300个大气压! Please test cement truck line to 300 atmosphere!
97.请用泵替161方泥浆! Please displace with rig pump 161 M3 of mud.
   98.请把铅印起出来! Please pull out of hole with impression block.
99.请把卡瓦打捞筒接上,下钻! Please make up overshot and run hole!
100.现在等措施, 请修理一下打捞工具! Now wait on orders, please repair fishing tools!
六、祈使句(二)
101.请循环泥浆,然后进行吊测!Please circulate and then wire line survey!
102.请把定向工具装好!Please rig up steering tools!
103.请用17 1/2"的扩大器扩眼!Please ream with 17 1/2"hole opener!
104.请起钻,换下部钻具结构!Please pull out of hole and change bottom hole assembly!
105.高速离合器发热,请修理一下或换掉!High drum clutches are getting hot while drilling, please repair or change it!
106.请先往钻杆里打点重泥浆,然后起钻!First or al1,slug pipe, and the trip out of hole, please!
107.请把这些接头放到那间房子里!Put these subs into that room, please!
108.请把这两个提升短节放到钻台上去,我们要用!Please put these two liftsubs onto drill &loor, we shall use it!
109.请不要停泥!Don't stop the pump, please!
110&请不要开泵,我们在检修!Please don't turn ol the pump, we are repairing.
111.请准备开钻吧! Get ready to spud in, please!
l12.你离开这儿之前,请把东西收拾好!Please get everything in order before you leave here.
1l3.请倒大绳!Slip and cut off the drilling line, please!
114.不要总用这台泵,要与那台交替使用! Don't use this pump too much, use that one instead.
115.别启动马达,现在没有电!Don't turn on the motor! There is electricity now.
116.不要用那台搅拌机,它坏了,请用这个!Don't use that agitator. It doesn't work , please use this one instead!
117.停电!把这个马达停下来,它太热了! Cut off the electricity and make the motor stop. It's too warm.
118.请你9点30分到管子站!Please be at the pipe yard at 9:30.
119.请把燃料留给这些发电机!Please keep the fuel for these generators.
120.请不要把࿅多的东西放在钻台上!Please don’t put too many things on the drill f1oor!
七、一般现在时(-)
英语中共有十六种时态。一般现在时是其中较简单的一种,主要表示目前经常、反复发生的动作或存在的状态。同时也表示一些不受具体时间限制的客观事实或真理。其结构主要是动词原形,如果主语是第三人称单数时,就在动词原形后边加上-s或-es(规则和读法与名词加“s”或“es”相同)。
注意:动词be和have有其特殊变化形式。
121.他在这个队当司钻。He works as a driller in this crew.
122.那个工厂生产打捞工具。That factory makes fishing tools.
   123.我们用那个开关控制马达。We use that switch to control this motor.
124.我们整天都需要电。We need electricity all day long.
125.这个记录仪有六个指针。一个指针显示时间,一个显示钻速,一个显示钻压,一个显示泵压,一个显示泵的冲数,一个显示泥浆粘度。This recorder has six hands: One hand shows the hour, one shows the rate of drilling, one shows the weight on the bit, one shows the pump pressure, one shows the mud viscosity.
   126.这个井场上有8个大电动机,所以我们要用很多电。There are eight big motors on this location, so we use a lot of electricity.
127.你们工作都很好。All of you work very well.
128.我们的车经常停在那儿. Our car usually parks there.
129.他经常离开钻台。He often leaves the drill floor.
130.那个马达经常停。That motor often stops.
131.我们不乘公共汽车上班。We don’t go to work by bus.
132.工作多的时候.我们不看电视。When there is much work, we don’t watch TV.
133.我们并不总让这些马达和泥浆泵开着。We do not keep these motors and mud pumps on all the time.
134.我们现在没有时间。 We do not have anytime now.
135.他也不是每天都上班。He does not go to work everyday, either.
136.我们不用这个凡尔控制防喷器.
We do not use this valve to control the blowout preventer.
137.司钻不在办公室工作,他在钻台上工作.
The driller does not work in the office, he works on the drill floor.
l38.他们不喜欢用这个大钳.They don't like using this tong.
139.现在是7点30上班,不是8点。Work doesn’t start at eight, it starts at7:30.
140.你现在不必开泵。You don't need to start the pump now.

八、一般现在时(二)
141.你们怎么控制这些马达呢? How do you control these motors?
l42.我们用那些开关控制。
We control them with those switches. (We use those switches to control them).
143.管子站生产吊卡吗?Dose the pipe yard make elevates?
144.不生产,他们只修理井口工具。N0,they don't. They repair wellhead tools only.
145.我们用什么来控制封井器呢?What do we use to control the blowout preventer?
146.你想让泵总开着吗? Do you keep the pump on all the time?
147.你们怎么启动这些柴油机? How do you start these engines?
148.如果停电了你们怎么办? What do you do when there is no electricity?
l49.我们就启动发电机。We will start the generator?
150.早上你们几点开始工作? When do you start to work in the morning?
151.你能使这台振动筛工作吗? Can you make this shale shaker work?
152.这台设备能为我们做什么? What can this equipment do for us?
153.我们需要经常滑大绳吗? Do we need to slip the drilling line very often?
154.你们每天工作多久? How long do you work everyday?
155.我们每天工作8小时。We work eight hours everyday.
156.(1)a=b a等于b
     a equals b( a is equal to b).
   (2)a≠b a不等于b
     a is not equal to b(a is not be).
   (3)a≈b a近似于b
     a approximate1y equa1s b
   (4)a±b a加或减b
     a plus or minus b
   (5) a>b a大于b
      a is greater than b
   (6)a < b a小于b
      a is less than b
   (7) a≥b
      a is greater b
157.(l) a + b = c. A plus b is c
   (2) 37+24=61 34 plus 24 is 61
   (3) 6+4<12 6 plus 4 is less than 12
   (4) 12>6+4 12 is greater than 6plus 4
158. (1)5 X 5=25 five times 5 is twenty-five.
    (2)s = v*t s equals v multiplied t.
    (3)W= F*D此处W表示动,F表示力,D表示距离 W equals F multiplied by D, Where W means work, F means force and D means distance.
    (4)5的平方等于25。The second power of 5 is 25, the square of 5 is 25, 5 square is 25.
159.(1)77比1(77:1) the ratio of 77 to 1
   (2)16除以4等于4(16:4=4)
          16 divided by 4 equals 4(the ratio of 16 to 4 is 4)
       (3)20比5等于16比4 (16:4=20:5)
          20 to 5 is as 16 to 4(the ratio of 20 to 5 equals the ratio of 16 to 4)
       (4)4的平方根等于2
          The square root of 4 is 2(the square root out of 4 is 2)
160.当重20公斤的一桶水从9米深的井往上提时,所作的功就是9米×20公斤=180公斤/米。When a bucket of water weighing 20kg is raised from a we11 9m deep, the work done is 9m×20kg=180kg/m.
九、一般将来时(一)
一般将来时表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态,其形式是“shall或will + 动词原形”。shall用于单数(或复数)第一人称。其他人称都用will。美国人讲话时只用will。
161.一年后我们将有更多的钻机。We shall have more rigs in a year.
162.钻工们明天不上班。The floormen will not to work tomorrow.
163.你要乘这个车去二所吗? Will you go to the second guest hotel by this car?
164.明天你要干什么话? What work will you do tomorrow?
165.他们后天要到现场去。They will leave for the drilling location the day after tomorrow?
166.我们不再需要柴油了. We shall not need any more second diesel fuel.
167.盖瑞先生什么时候到这儿来? When will Mr. Garry come here?
168.我们将每天在一起工作we shall work together everyday.
169.比尔先生将教你们怎样使用防喷器?Mr. Bill will teach you how to use the blowout preventer.
170.他们明天几点离开二所? When will they leave the second guest hotel tomorrow?
171.明天我还要在机厂见你。Tomorrow I shall see you again in the machine shop.
172.明天上午我没时间,我下午时两点钟才能来。
I shall not have time tomorrow morning, but I shall come at two in the afternoon.
173.格林先生不能和你一起去办公室。Mr. Green will not go to the office together with you.
174.史密斯先生将到井场来工作,但不住在井场。
Mr. Smith will come to work at the drill site, but he wi11 not live in the drillsite.
175.他是明天来或是后天来? Wi11 he come here tomorrow or the day after tomorrow?
176.下周你们开钻吗? Will you start to spud in next week?
177.你们明天能准备好吗? Will you be ready tomorrow?
178.一小时后我们就准备好。We shall be ready in an hour.
179.他们将来都是好司钻。They will a11 be good drillers in the future.
180.八点钟能把一切都准备好吗? 能!Will everything be ready at eight?
十、一般将来时(二)
181.今天夜里可能很冷,请用锅炉供汽好吗?
It will be cold tonight, will you please use boiler to provide with steam?
182.你要在那里呆多久? How long will you stay there?
183.你要在井上住多久? How long will you live in the we1lsite?
184.他不会成为司钻,他将成为一个司机。He wi11 not be a driller. He wi11 be a motorman.
185.我们的前景很好。0ur future will be wonderful.
186.你们什么时候能准备好?When will you be ready?
187.明天将有很多工作要做。There will be a lot of work to do tomorrow.
188.今天下午有多少工作? How much work will there be done this afternoon?
189.后天将有20个人在井场。There will be twenty people at the we11 site the day after tomorrow.
190.明天白天要停电。There will be no electricity in the daytime tomorrow.
191.今年这里要来多少个新钻工?。How many new roughnecks will come here this year?
192.明天上午会议室人多吗? Will there be many people in the meeting room tomorrow morning.
193.我们要在那儿建个新材料房?We shall build a new material house.
194.你先走,我后走?驱You go first. I shall leave last.
195.每天有几辆去安阳的公共汽车?How many buses for Anyang are there everyday?
196.我将和你一起去固井队。I shall go to the cement plant with you.
197.我们将在这个地区钻许多井。We shall drill many wells in this area.
198.明年我们将开发文东。We sha11 develop the east area of Wendong next year.
199.下一次我们将用什么钻头? What bit shall we use next time?
200.下一次我们将用震击器和柔性短节。We shall use the jar and flex joint next time.
十一、现在进行时(一)
现在进行时态表示现在或现阶段正在进行的动作。其结构是:助动词be的现在时形式+现在分词。
201.我们正在钻这口井. We are drilling this well.
202.我国的石油工业正在高速发展。 0ur petroleum industry is advancing high speed.
203.你的工作改进不大。Your work is not improving much.
204.他也在做这个工作吗? Is he doing this job, too?
205.(l)你们在做什么? What are you doing?
   (2)他们在那里做什么? What are they doing there?
206.我们正在整理工具。We are getting tools in order.
207.他现在不在钻台工作,他在机房工作.He is not working on drill floor, He is working in engine house.
208.泥浆泵出了什么问题? What is happening to the mud pump?
209.他们都在钻台上干活。They are a11 working on the drill floor.
210.他们工作努力吗?是的,他们工作都很努力。Are they working hard? Yes, a11 of them are working very hard.
211.那个厂子现在不生产钻头,而生产打捞工具。
That factory is not making bits now, instead, it is making fishing tools.
212.加热器不工作,所以散不出热量。The heater is not working, so it's not giving  
   out any heat.
213.柴油机的烟正扩散在空气中。The smoke of the engine is spreading out in the air.
214.现在他正在这个队当队长。Now he is working as a toolpusher in this crew.
215.他正在清理钻台。He is cleaning the drill floor.
216.他没用这个板手,他在用那个。He is not using this wrench. He is using that one.
217.这台泵现在运转不好。This pump is not working well.
218.劳森先生现在住在二所,还是住在井场?
Is Mr. Lawson living in the second guest hotel or in the location?
219.钻工们正在甩钻具。The floormen are laying down drillpipes.
220.他们当中有几个人正在把钻具排好。Some of them are getting drillpipes in order.
                         十二、现在进行时(二)
221.你现在到井场去吗? Are you going to the well site?
222.你在找什么?What are you looking for?
223.我在找一个短节头。I’m looking for a short sub.
224.他们将在那儿打一口新井。They are going to drill a new well there.
225.我们不打算现在就停钻。We are not going to stop drilling.
226.他们也要在这儿打井吗? Are they going to drill a well here.
227.我要告诉你一件好消息。I’m going to tell you a piece of good news.
228.今天上午我们开钻。We are going to spud in this morning (We are going to start drilling this morning.
229.下班以后你打算做什么? What are you going to do after work?
230.我们打算把这些新接头放在那个房子里。We are going to put these new subs inthat room.
231.我们不想再做那项工作。We are not going to do that work again.
232.这个卡车8点钟去管子站。The truck is going to leave at eight for pipeyard.
233.你们打算什么时候完钻? When are you going to finish drilling?
234.他们要看一看井场上的一切。 They are going to see everything in the location.
235.这台泵l小时后停下来。This pump is going to stop in an hour.
236.陈先生将和你谈一下打捞的事。Mr. chen is going to talk with you about fishing.
237.你打算怎么使用这些打捞工具? How are you going to use these fishing tools?
238.泥浆不是在变凉,而是在变热。The mud is not getting cold. It’s getting warm.
239.马达变得太热了,请停下来! The motor is getting to warm. Please stop it!
240.李先生正在给他们看所有的定向工具。Mr .Li is showing them all the steering tools.
十三、一般过去时
一般过去时表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,有时也表示在过去一段时间内经常发生的动作。其表示方法是在规则动词原形后-ed。有少数不规则的动词有特殊变化形式,需要特别留心。例如:be-was(were)、get-got、go-went, give-gave keep-kept make-made等等。
241.他们昨天仗量了钻杆和钻链的长度。They measured the length of drill collars yesterday.
242.我没量那个柔性短节和螺旋钻链。I did not measure that flex joint those spiral collars.
243.我们昨天到泥浆站去了。We went to the mud plant.
244.张先生昨天没去上班。Mr. Zhang did not go to work yesterday.
245.他以前到这儿来过吗? Did he come here before?
246.你们昨天做什么了? What did you do yesterday?
247.你是什么时候开始当司钻的? When did you begin to work as a driller?
248.这台柴油机昨天突然停了。This engine suddenly stopped yesterday.
249.直到去年他们才和我们一起打井。They did not drill we11s with us until last year.
250.从这台机器里冒出过烟来吗? Did any smoke puff out from this machine?
251.去年我们用了很多柴油。Last year we used a 1ot of diesel oi1.
252.这台柴油机首先是转速降了下来,后来就停了。The revolution of this engine first slowed down, and then stopped.
253.上午这个司机用水把卡车洗了。This driver cleaned the truck with water this morning.
254.我们没有清洗所有的设备,我们只清洗了绞车。We did not clean all the equipment.
255.这个搅拌机上周运转怎样?经常停吗? We didn’t clean the agitator work last week?
256.他们一天就做完了所有的工作吗?一是的。Did they do all work in only one day?
Yes, they did.
257.那时候你们是怎么打井的? How did you drill wells in those days?
258.八点到九点劳森先生正在往井场去的路上。Mr. Lawson was on his way to the well site from eight to nine.
259.那天这个罐里有一些泥浆,那个罐里有多少水? 0n that day there was some mud in this tank. How much water was there in that tank?
260.去年我有许多工作要做,所以我没有时间学习英语.Last year I had a lot of work to, so here was not much time for learning English.
十四、现在完成时
现在完成时表示到目前为止已经完成而且对现在仍有影响的动作,或者是动作发生在过去某一时刻但一直延续到现在。其结构是:助动词have(has)+过去分词。如果要表示疑问句,就把have(has)移到主语前边。
261.1982年以来我们钻井二公司有了很大变化0ur second drilling company has changed a lot since 1982.
262.他们还没测量螺旋钻铤和无磁钻铤的长度。They have not measured the length of spiral drill collars and monel collars yet.
263.1980年以来我们中原油田有了很大发展.0ur Zhongyuan 0ilfield has developed a lot since 1980.
264.这些天来我们的工作进展不大。0ur work has not advanced much these days.
265.我已经在井场住了好久了。I have lived in the location for a long time.
266.他已经在那个队当了九年司钻了。He has worked as a driller in that crew for nine years.
267.他已经量了电路中的电压。He has measured the voltage in circuit.
268.今天你们换震动筛筛布了吗? Have you changed the shaker screen today?
269.这个搅拌机已正常运转5个月了。This agitator has kept running very well for five months.
270.你们在这个地区已经打了几口井了?how many wells have you drilled in this area?
271.今天上午我们已经没有时间试防喷器了。We haven’t had time to test blowout preventer this morning.
272.你们把一切都准备好了吗? Have you got everything ready?
273.我已经当了十年司钻了。I have been a driller for ten years.
274.1982年以来,他就是我们的队长了。He has been our tool pusher since1982.
275.停电有多久了? How 1ong has the electricity been off.
276.从昨天起电压一直很高。The Voltage has been very high yesterday.
277.从去年开始这儿有了更多的钻机。There have been more rigs here last year.
278.近五年来石油工业有了很大的进步。There have been great advances in petroleum industry in the past five years.
279.这些年来对石油的需求量大吗? Have there been many needs for petroleum these years?
280.这口井你们已经钻多久了? How long have you drilled this well?
十五、将来进行时和过去进行时
将来进行时表示将来某一时刻或某一阶段将要进行的动作。其结构是shall be(will be)+现在分词。
过去进行时表示过去某一时刻或某一阶段正在进行的动作。其结构是were (was)+现在分词。
281.这个柴油机半小时以后启动。This engine will be starting to run in half an hour.
282.我们要到下午两点才能开钻。We shall not be spudding in until 2:00 this afternoon.
283.几个月以后我们就要生产这种打捞工具了。In a few month our machine shop will be producing fishing tools of this kind.
284.今天上午8点到12点你们将做什么? What will you be doing from 8:00 to 12:00 this morning?
285.那天他们没能来帮助你,因为他们正在钻进。They could not come to help you that day because they were drilling.
286.那时候你在做什么? What were you doing at that time?
287.我正在调整泵的每分钟冲数。I was adjusting the pump strokes per minute.
288.他告诉我,那时他正在检查防碰天车。He told me that he was examining the crown A-matic.
289.谁来接替保养工作? Who will be taking over the maintenance work?
290.你到的时候我们将在起钻。We shall be pulling out of hole at the moment of your arrival.
291.我要一直干到你来的时候。I shall be working till you come.
292.他进来时,我们正在讨论完井问题。We were discussing the question about completion when he came in.
293.昨天上午9点你在做什么? What were you doing at about 9:00 yesterday morning?
294.我在保养锚头。I was lubricating the cat head.
295.当你保养钻机的时候,其他人在做什么? What were the others doing when you lubricated the draw works?
296.当我们滑大绳的时候,他们在仗量钻具。While we were slipping drilling line, they were measuring drillpipes.
297.当我们装防喷器的时候,他们在清理泥浆罐。While we were installing the blowout preventer, they were cleaning the mud tanks.
298.当我们修泵的时候,司钻在活动钻具。While we were repairing the pump, the driller was working drillpipe.
299.当我们往车上装坏吊卡的时候,他们在往下卸新吊卡。While we were loading the truck with bad elevator. They were unloading the truck with new one.
300.我当司钻的时候,他正当司机。When I was a driller, he was as a motorman.
十六、过去完成时
过去完成时表示在过去某一时刻以前已经完成的动作或者是从过去某一时刻以前开始一直持续到那一时刻的动作。其结构是:had + 过去分词。
301.他们一直到找出离合器过热的原因后才停止工作。They did not stop working until they had checked all the reason for the over-heating of the clutch.
302.我们一直到了解了卡钻的原因后才回来。We do not come back until we had known all the reasons for sticking.
303.我并没有说那些钻杆他们是否都检查过。I did not say if they had examined all those drill pipes.
304.他说,他以前从未到过胜利油田。He said that he had never been to Shengli oilfield.
305.到1982年底为止,我们队已钻了五口井。By the end of 1982, our crew had drilled five wells.
306.到1984年底,这个队已超额完成了原定于1985年完成的主要指标。By the end of 1984, this team had already over fulfilled the major targets set originally for 1985.
307.到去年年末,我们已经组建了18个钻井队。By the end of last year, we had formed eighteen drilling teams.
308.到1962年底,我们已满足了对石油的需要。By the end of 1962, we had met the demand for petroleum.
309.到上周末为止,这口井我们已经钻了一年半了。By the end of last week, we had drilled this well for a year and a half.
310.他到我们队来以前,已经在别的队当了五年司钻了。He had worked as a driller in another crew for five years before he came to our crew.
311.他们打成这口井比过去预计的时间还要早。They completed the we11 earlier than had expected.
312.钻工们吃午饭前就开始甩钻杆了。The floormen had laid down the pipes before they ate lunch.
313.当时我们已经钻了大约3000米深。 We had drilled about 3000m deep by that time.
314.这位工程师告诉我,他已经做完了全部计算。This engineer told me that he had do all the calculations.
315.这个技术员告诉我,他已经仗量了所有的接头。This technician told me that he had measured a1l the subs.
316.在戴维先生去二所之前,我已经到达管子站了。I had arrived at the pipe yard before Mr. David went to the second guest hotel.
317.在李先生到达井场之前,我们已经起完全部钻杆了.We had pulled out of hole with all the dri11 pipes before Mr. Li arrived at the location.
318.当他来到这儿的时候,我们已经解决了钻井中的各种困难。When he came here, we had coped with al1 kinds of difficulties in drilling operation.
319.当我到达二所时,车已开走了。When I reached the second guest hote1, the car had already left.
320.我进来时,他们刚开完会。When I came in they had finished the meeting.

十七、-般过去将来时
一般过去将来时表示过去预计将发生的动作或存在的状态。其结构是:should(would)加动词原形,第一人称用should,其他人称都用would。
321.我告诉过布朗先生,几天后我要去北京。I to1d Mr. Brown I should leave for Beijing after a few days.
322.当时还没有决定谁将当司钻。It was not decided then who would work as a driller.
323.你并没有说过,我们将换掉那台设备。You did not say that we should change the equipment.
324.他们坚信,一定能胜利地克服钻深井的各种困难。They were sure they would succeed in overcoming the difficulties of drilling the deep well.
325.当他看见振动筛在剧烈振动时,他问我们:这台40振动筛会出毛病吗?它会坏吗?
When he saw that the shaker was vibrating violently, he asked us:“what would happen to the shaker? Would it break down?"
326.昨天我们决定后天去机厂修理方钻杆旋扣器。Yesterday we decided that we should go to machine shop to repair the kelly spinner the day after tomorrow.
327.昨天他们告诉我,他们将大量生产这样的震击器。Yesterday they told us that they would produce such jars in great quantities.
328.我问过贝利先生我们什么时候下钻。I asked Mr. Bailey when we should run in hole with drillpipe.
329.他说,他们修完泵就下钻。He said that they would run in hole after they repaired the pump.
330.昨天他告诉我,比尔先生将当技师。Yesterday he told me that Mr. Bill would be a tool 1pusher.
331.他们坚信,他们能起出全部落鱼。They were sure they would pull out of hole with all the fishing.
332.我相信,下个月我们能打完这口井。I was sure that we should complete this well next month.
333.我知道,我们不会马上开钻。I knew that we should not spud in at once.
334.我看出他不会同意我的意见。I saw that he would not agree with me.
335.我希望我们明天能开钻。I hoped that we should spud in tomorrow.
336.他对我说过,他会工作得更好。He said to me that he wou1d work hard.
337.去年他告诉我,他将当司钻。 Last year he told me that he would work as a driller.
338.我不知道,后天我们几点开钻。I did not know what time we shou1d spud in the day after tomorrow.
339.陈先生告诉过我,明天劳森先生给我们讲课。Mr. Chen told me that Mr. Lawson would have lesson for us tomorrow.
340.那个时候我就说过,我们能打成这口井。At that time I said that we should succeed to drill this well.
十八、现在完成进行时
现在完成进行时表示动作在说话之前已经开始并一直延续到现在,这个动作可能刚刚停止, 也可能还要继续进行。其结构是:have(has)been加现在分词。第三人称单数用has,其他人称都用have。
341.这块筛布我们已经用了很长时间了。We have been using this piece of screen for a long time.
342.那个工作他已经干了九个小时了。He has been doing that work for more than nine hours.
343.那口井他们已经钻了一年多了。They have been drilling that well for more than a year.
344.这几年我们一直在这个地区打井。All these years we have been drilling in this area.
345.最近我们一直在等打捞工具。Recently we have been waiting on fishing tools.
346今天上午我们一直在修泵。We have been repairing the pump this morning.
347.去年以来我一直在这个队担任技师。I have been working as a toolpusher in this crew since last year.
348.这些天你们在干什么?What have you been doing.
349.我们一直在修防喷器的控制系统。We have been repairing the control system for b1owout preventer.
350.他在中原油田已经工作两年了。He has been working in Zhongyun field for two years.
351.从上周起,我们一直在用发电机供电。We have been using the generator provide the power since last week.
352.在管材防腐方面铝一直起着重要作用。 Aluminum has been playing an important part in preventing pipe from corroding.
353.在这个地区打井卡钻一直是个复杂问题。Sticking pipe has been being a comp1icated problem in drilling this area.
354.这个星期他们一直在安装设备。They have been installing the equipment this week.
355.从两千米到两千一百伍拾米,我们钻的都是页岩. We have been drilling shale formation from 2000M to 2150M.
356.今天下午我们一直用这台泵循环。We have beeen using this pump to circulate this afternoon.
357.关于固井问题,今天我们同他们一直讨论了五个小时。Today落千丈we have been discussing about cementing with them for five hours.
358.今天上午我一直在同他们仗量、检查钻具。They have been measuring and inspecting drill tools with me al1 this morning.
359.这两天我们都在甩钻具。These two days we have been laying down drill tools。
360.昨天和今天我们都在清洗套管丝扣。Yesterday and today we have been c1eaning the casing threads.
十九、情态动词(一)
情态动词主要表示可能、应当、必要、必须等意思。应当注意的是,情态动词不能单独做谓语,必须与其他动词构成动词合成谓语。英语中的情态动词一共有如下12个can, could, may, might, must, ought(to), shall, will, should, would, need, dare.
361.你不必做这项工作。You need not do this work.
362.你不能用那个开关。You must not use that switch.
363.你明天不必上班。You need not come to work tomorrow.
364.我们不再需要柴油了。We shall not need any more diesel oi1.
365.贝克先生什么时候到井场来?When will Mr. Backer come to we11site?
366.你有什么事? What can I do for you?
367.从这个屋我们看不见钻台。We cannot see the drill floor from this room.
368.现在我们需要启动柴油机吗? Need we start the engine now?
369.你不能把这些工具放在那儿。You must not put these tools there.
370.现在钻台上可能一个人也没有。There may be no one on the drill f1oor now.
371.那里一定有很多新马达? There must be many new motors there.
372.只有这种办法才能解决这些技术问题。Only this way can solve these technical problems.
373.我可以用这些仪器吗? May I use these instruments?
374.他一定知道如何使用这个打捞工具。He must know how to use this fishing tool.
375.他一定懂得怎样调试这个仪器。He must know how to adjust this instrument.
376.你以前一定学过英语。You must have studied English before.
377.他们不得不改变他们的计划。They will have to change their plan.
378.我们难道不应当给他一次机会再试一试吗? Oughtn’t we to give him a chance to try again?
379..我们今天需要把这些配件送到机厂吗?Need we send these spare parts to the machine shop today?
380.你必须认真地做你的工作. You shall do your work carefully.
381.中原油田的石油工人,敢于斗争,敢于胜利! The oil workers of Zhongyuan 0i1field are daring to struggle and daring to win victory!
382.我可以停泵吗? Shall I stop the pump?
383.我们应当使自己熟悉这项先进技术。We should acquaint ourselves with this advanced technique.
384.我们也要造这种安全接头。We too will make this kind of safety sub.
385.请你量一下这个震击器好吗? Will you please measure this jar?
386.他愿意把卡钻的情况告诉我们。He would tell us the information of sticking.
387.请你给我们谈谈你在井场的体会好吗?Would you tell us something about experiences in the we11 site?
388.把你的说明书借给我好吗? Would you lend me your instruction book?
389.我可以用一下你的钻具本吗? May I use your pipe book?
390.他自己能做这项工作。He can do this work himself.
391.你应当尽你的义务。You ought to fulfil your duties.
392.他们能解决所有的问题。They were able to solve all the problems.
393.此处不许吸烟。It's not al1owed to smoke here.
394.我们必须参加这项工作。We have to take part in this work.
395.他们将必须改变计划。They will have to change the schedule.
396.你必须立刻到那儿去! You shall go there at once.
397.你下次应当小心点。You should be more careful next time.
398.我们都愿意帮助你。We all will help you.
399.您可以告诉我们怎样操作这台机器吗? Would you tell us how to operate the machine?
400.我很乐意。I wou1d be g1ad to.
二十、情态动词被动式
英语动词有两种语态,一种是主动语态,一种是被动语态。主动语态表示主语是谓语动词动作的发出者,被动语态则表示主语是谓语动词动作的接受者,应当注意的是:在被动句中谓语动词必须是及物动词的被动形式。
英语中的情态动词有时也有被动语态形式,其结构是:情态动词+(not) be +过去分词。例如Can (may, must)be given。
401.这台除气器可以装在那个罐上边。This degasser can be installed on that tank.
402.那个地方能放多少吨泥浆药品? How many tons of mud material can be placed there?
403.涂漆可以防止金属零件腐蚀。The metal parts can be protected from corrosion by painting.
404.如果钻杆丝扣生锈,必须清除掉。If the drill pipe threads become rusty, rust will have to be cleaned.
405.能用原子能发电或打井吗?Can nuclear power be used to make electricity or to drill a we11?
406.这些东西应该保存在哪里,又怎样保存呢?Where and how must these things be kept?
407.用这种办法可以把污染缓降下来。In this way pollution can be slowed down.
408.在白天只须让这五个灯亮着。In the daytime only these five 1ights must be kept on.
409.不许再这样做。This must not be done again.
410.能找到更多的打捞方法吗? Can more measures be found for fish?
411.这台离心机的动力装置必须重新检查。This centrifuge power unit must be rechecked.
412.那个闸门可以用来控制这条管线。That valve may be used to control this pipeline.
413.这些零件都容易更换。These parts can be easi1y changed.
414.必须采取大量措施来防腐。A good many measure must be taken to prevent corrosion.
415.这台除泥器必须装在这儿。This desilter must be installed here.
416.这些钻杆必须再量一次吗? Must these drill pipes be measured again?
417.防碰天车要每天检查。The crown-matic must be checked everyday.
418.套管丝扣需要再清洗一下吗?Need casing threads be cleaned and washed again?
419.必须再检查一下安全措施。The safety precaution must be re-inspected.
420.这里必须安装安全阅。The safety valve must be put here.
   安全阀还有另外两种说法:①Pop-off valve ②pop safety valve.
二十一、一般现在时被动式
一般现在时被动语态的形式是把助动词be变为am, is或are(not)+过去分词。
421.钻杆在空气中经常被腐蚀。Drill pipes are often corroded by the oxygen in the air.
422.这种泥浆净化器在这个油田很需要。This kind of mud cleaner is much needed in this oi1 field.
423.泥浆罐经常生锈。Rust is often formed on the mud tank.
424.这种装置经常用来防喷。This kind of device is often prevented blowout.
425.大钳牙经常换。Tong dies are often changed.
426.钻杆丝扣不是那样清洗的。Drill pipe threads are not cleaned in that way.
427.这种筛布不怕水和泥浆腐蚀。This kind of screen is not corroded by water and mud.
428.为什么控制台要装在这儿? Why is the control device fitted here?
429.在我们井场经常见到他。He’s often seen in our well site.
430.泥浆中的含盐量是用这种办法测出来的。The quantity of salt in the mud is measured in this way.
431.这种卡瓦打捞筒是他设计的。This kind of overshot is designed by him.
432.这辆汽车烧什么燃料? What fuel is burnt in this car?
433.所有的防喷器配件都得保存在那间房子里。All spare parts of the blowout preventer are kept in that room.
434.钻柱是由转盘驱动的。The drill string is rotated by rotary table.
435.这里每年要打多少口井? How many wells are drilled here every year?
436.现在这里采取了各种措施来防卡钻。Now a11 kinds of measures are taken to prevent sticking here.
437.这种工作也由我们做吗?Is this work also done by us?
438.怎样使振动筛工作? How is the shaker made to vibrate?
439据说他们是泥浆工程师。They are said to be mud engineers.
440.泵压现在很高。The pump pressure is shown to be high.
二十二、一般过去时和一般将来时的被动式
一般过去时的被动式是把助动词be变为was或were(not)+动词过去分词。一般将来时的被动式是:shall (will) (not)+ be +过去分词。
441.去年这里打了一口井。A we11 was drilled here last year.
442.什么时候停的电?
When was the power cut off?
443.让他们在那儿做过什么?
What were they asked to do there?
444.那时还不知道代纳钻具。
Dyna-drill was not yet known at that time.
445.那些电池是昨天换的。
Those batteries were changed yesterday.
446.这口井的设计是去年搞的。
The designs of this well were made last year.
447.钻井二公司是一九八三年成立的。The second drilling company was established in 1983.
448.没用过新方法防塌。
No new measures were taken to prevent caving.
449.代纳钻具首先是在哪儿造出来的?Where was dyna-drill first made?
450.这些震击器我们以前没有用过。These jars were not used by us before.
451.不会再用这台设备了。This equipment  will not be used again.
452.还需要盐水吗?Will more salt water be needed ?
453.今后还要发展更多的新技术。More new techniques will be developed in the future.
454.这里的泥桨不会再受污染。The mud here will not be polluted any more.
455.明天将让你见到一切。You will be shown everything tomorrow.
456.如果你采用了好的防腐措施,这些套管就不会生窍。If you take good measures to prevent corrosion, rust will not be formed on these casings.
457.要采用更多的措施来防漏。
More measures will be taken to prevent loss of circulation.
458.这口井将何时打成?
When will this well be completed?
459.新管子站将建在哪儿?
Where will the new pipe yard be built?
460.更多的新技术将由这些青年的工程师掌握。More new techniques will be mastered by these young engineers.
二十三、现在完成时和现在完成井行时态的被动式
现在完成时态的被动式是have (has) (not) been + 过去分词。
现在进行时态的被动式是am (is, are)(not) being + 过去分词。
461.我们在这个地区打完了一口新井。In this area a new well has been drilled by us.
462.这项新技术还没有在我们井场应用。
This new technique has not been applied in our location.
463.两台泵都已修好。
Two pumps have been well repaired.
464.这些吊卡还没用过,还都是新的。
These elevators have not yet been used at all, they are still new.
465.钻台还没有清洗。
The drill floor hasn't been cleaned.
466.搅拌机已经停了。
The agitator has been stopped.
467.为改进这台设备已经做了些什么?
What has been done to improve the equipment?
468.这口井已经打了多久了? How long has this well been drilled?
469.我们的困控设备已经有了很大改进。0ur solids control equipment has been greatly improved.
470.滑润系统我们已经讨论过了。The lubrication system has been discussed by us.
471.他们正在设计新的固控系统。New solids control system is being designed by them.
472.那种卡瓦现在不再生产了。That kind of slips is not being made now.
473.水一直是怎样加热的? How is the water being heated all the time?
474.现在在采取什么措施提高原油产量? What measures are being taken to increase output of crude oil?
475.泥浆不是变热,而是在变冷。The mud is not being heated, it is being cooled.
476.这种新设备现在有哪些用途呢? In what ways is the new kind of equipment being used?
477.螺旋钻链正在试用。The spiral drill collars are being tried to use.
478.一套新钻机正在这个井场安装。A new rig is being installed in this well site.
479.这些仪表正在由操作员调试。These instruments are being adjusted by the operator.
480.我们正在打这口井。This well is being drilled by us.
二十四、动词不定式(-)
“to + 动词原形”,就是不定式。to在此处只是不定式符号,没有词义。原形动词前边加上to, 就使该动词变成非谓语动词,不能单独作谓语。这时只能作主语、宾语、定语、状语、补足语等。同时不定式本身也可以带有自己的宾语、状语或表语等,组合成不定式短语,共同成为一个句子成分。
481.今天我们的工作就是下钻。Today our work is to run in hole with drill pipes.
482.接大钻具是我们明天的工作。To pick up BHA is our work tomorrow.
483.掌握钻井技术对钻井工人是十分重要的。To master drilling technique is very important to drilling workers.
484.工作精确无误是我们的一个传统。To work with high precision is one of our traditions.
485.他们的做法是使用一个卡瓦打捞筒和震击器去打捞落鱼。Their practice is to use one over-shot and one jar for fishing.
486.在这个地区打井将是一个绝妙的经历。To drill in this area will be a wonderful experience.
487.换这个四通凡尔只需要五分钟。To change this four-way valve will only take five minutes.
488.在我们的工作中互相帮助是很重要的。To help each other is very important in our work.
489.在这样短的时间内做这么多的工作是不容易的。To do so much work in such a short time is not easy.
490.下午四点以前把一切都整理好是可能的。To get everything in order before four o’clock in the afternoon is possible.
491.最简单的办法就是把它换掉。The simplest way is to change it.
492.对他们来讲修这台泵是不容易的。It's not easy for them to repair this pump.
493.这样使用节流管汇是不正确的。It's not right to use manifold in this way.
494.防喷对我们来说是十分重要的。It's important for us to prevent blowout.
495.我们花了两个小时才到达井场。It took us two hours to get to the location.
496.翻译了解一点钻井技术是会有用的。It would be useful for interpreter to know a little drilling technique.
497.要数清震动筛的振荡数是不容易的。It's not easy to count the number of vibrations of shale shaker.
498.清洗钻机和钻台需要30分钟。It will take thirty minutes to clean the draw works and drill floor.
499.能帮助你们改进钻井技术的一种好方法是使用喷射式钻头。A good way to help you to improve drilling technique is to use a jet bit.
500.他们今天要做的唯一工作就是起钻。The only work for them to do today is to pull out of hole. 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索

wtian0430 2007-06-26 13:49
谢谢啊又增长了不少知识!楼主辛苦了! 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索

gjp 2007-08-06 21:55
[s:2]  [s:2] 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索

xiaoyiping 2007-08-07 10:23
楼主辛苦了!! 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索

xunds 2010-06-06 18:04
无私的楼主 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索

anaco 2010-06-07 09:31
无私的楼主 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索

aeroyang 2012-01-16 12:46
非常感谢楼主 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索

purpleicezw 2012-01-16 14:26
学习一下,谢谢 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索

ligenmt 2012-01-22 19:29
学习一下 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索

zzj5008 2015-09-29 13:13
很中式的钻井英语 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索

zhonghanyi84 2015-09-30 14:12
谢谢提供资料啊啊啊啊啊 啊 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索

zhonghanyi84 2015-10-07 15:42
谢谢分享了 啊啊啊啊啊啊啊 阿果石油网旗下站点:石油文库 | 石油资讯 |石油英才 | 石油供求 | 石油搜索


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